Tens of thousands of strange and rare wild animals are widely distributed around the world. They look strange and their living habits are even more incredible. For example, China’s famous giant salamander is called a “living fossil” and its history can be traced back to hundreds of millions of years ago.
1. Chinese giant salamander
The giant salamander, whose scientific name is giant salamander, is named after its “wow, wah” cry that resembles a baby’s cry. It is a rare amphibian tailed animal unique to China.
They mainly live in caves and underground rivers. Their history can be traced back to 350 million years ago, and they are known as “living fossils”.
It is also the largest existing amphibian in the world, with a maximum body length of 1.8 meters.
2. Giant Coconut Crab
The coconut crab has a large body, a hard shell, and two powerful giant claws, making it look fierce and arrogant.
It is also a master of tree climbing, especially good at climbing straight coconut trees, and it can use its strong claws to peel off the hard coconut shell and enjoy the sweet coconut meat inside. So it also has an internationally common name – coconut crab.
What is strange and interesting is that the coconut crab is originally a marine animal, but because there are many blood vessels on the inner wall of its gill cavity, which can help with breathing, it can live on land for a long time and does not often live in the ocean. It only comes during the breeding season. Return to the ocean to lay eggs.
The larvae it gives birth to grow and mature in the ocean and then climb ashore to live. This crab is widely distributed in tropical areas of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
3. Angora Rabbit
Angora rabbits originate from the Angora province in Turkey. They are named Angora rabbits because their hair is long and thin, somewhat like Angora goats.
There are four varieties of Angora rabbits, the British Angora rabbit is the most popular, the others are French Angora rabbit, Satin Angora rabbit and Giant Angora rabbit.
Except for a small part of their face, their whole body is covered with thick, silky long hair. Their ears are V-shaped with fringe-like hair on the top, which needs to be taken care of frequently. Their eyes are round and big. He has a round figure and a gentle and cute personality. Angora rabbits are distinguished by their large size.
The turtle is a giant soft-shell turtle that can grow to about 2 meters long and weigh more than 50 kilograms. It mostly lives inland and forages near rivers or streams.
The turtle is a national first-level protected animal in China and is distributed in southeastern my country, India, Southeast Asia and New Guinea.
The shape of the mole is remarkable. Its snout is extremely short and its eyes are very close to the end of the snout. Some adults have light yellow scattered stripes on their carapace and head. It is probably the largest species in the turtle family.
The turtle inhabits the depths of rivers or reservoirs with clear water and slow flow. They do not migrate often and like to live at the bottom of the water. Only when their habitat changes will they be forced to migrate and form groups.
5. Star-nosed mole
The star-nosed mole is a strange-looking animal about twice the size of a mouse. Like other moles, it forages for earthworms in the soil. It also feeds on a variety of small invertebrates and insect larvae in the abundant mud and rotten leaves. It also swims to the turbid bottom of ponds and streams to feed its prey. Find it out.
Belonging to the insectivore order of mammals, these creatures have extremely fast metabolism and are always hungry, so this little star-nosed mole with a huge appetite has to find enough prey to survive the cold northern winter.
If you were to choose a star in the animal kingdom, the star-nosed mole would definitely win with its bizarre nose, which resembles an octopus tentacle.
It’s more like the kind of creature that emerges from a flying saucer to greet curious representatives of Earthlings. Its nose is surrounded by 22 fleshy appendages in a circle. When it shuttles between its home environment, its nose often vibrates rapidly, making it difficult to see clearly.
The star-nosed mole not only has a funny face, it also has a highly specialized brain that may help answer long-standing questions about the composition and evolution of the mammalian nervous system.
6. Rock Climbing Fish
People were surprised to see fish with “hands”, and now scientists are even more surprised to find fish that can climb rocks.
Recently, scientists discovered a new species of catfish in Venezuela, the scientific name of which is Catfish catfish. It has the common characteristics of armor-sucking catfish and rock-climbing catfish. It has bone armor to protect its head and tail, and has a height that can be used for grasping. Flexible ventral fins help it climb vertical surfaces such as rocks.
This special pelvic fin is like two legs, which can move forward and backward independently and reduce the vibration from the body. The catfish family only lives in the Andes Mountains of South America. It is named because of the nails on its head and chest. This fish is very rare and the discovery came after 20 years of research.
7. Angler fish
Even carpet bombing of the seafloor may not be enough to catch all the anglerfish. Some particularly stubborn species of anglerfish can even reproduce after being buried in the fish’s belly.
Once a male anglerfish detects a female, he engages in a pre-mating tease the same way humans do: He sinks his teeth into her skin, then secretes an enzyme that breaks down his lips and her body, like a constant decay. The esophagus is permanently attached to her body.
At the other end of the esophagus are the anglerfish’s gonads, ready to release their precious contents based on the female’s response. It’s like leaving a pair of testicles with your ex-girlfriend after you die, assuming in advance that “she might need them later.”
In addition, the anglerfish also has a bioluminescent head and often moves its head and tail to attract prey.
Most animals hide first and then attack the enemy, but the angler fish will openly lure the prey to its dining table, catch it in one fell swoop, and then enjoy it slowly. In addition, they are particularly able to withstand the strong water pressure under the sea surface and are also very good at camouflage.
8. Toothpick fish
Toothpick fish is a freshwater fish belonging to the catfish family. They are eel-like and almost transparent, making them very difficult to see.
This fish has a smooth, mucous skin and gills with barbed spines, making it a powerful and fast swimmer. They live in the Amazon River basin and are the fish most feared by locals.
This fish is a parasitic animal, and its method of survival is as simple as cruel: first test the taste of the water and try to find the flow of water coming from the gills.
Once it finds a similar current, it will follow the current and swim into the host’s gill cover, and use the barbs on its head to fix its body in the host’s gill cover, and then suck the host’s blood. This gives the toothpick fish a “Brazilian” look Vampire”.
9. Lamprey fish
The way the Pacific hagfish defends itself is disgusting. When it is attacked by an enemy, its pores will secrete suffocating mucus, which will embed the enemy to death.
Unfortunately, lamprey-like fish sometimes fall victim to their own defense mechanisms. But usually, it twists itself into segments and escapes from the slime.
The axolotl is the most famous Mexican salamander. Because its larvae do not undergo metamorphosis, it retains its aquatic and gilled characteristics as an adult.
Salamanders originated from the lakes beneath Mexico City. They have extremely high scientific research value because they can regenerate most limbs, have large embryos, and are easy to raise.