The 2018 Mobile World Congress opened in Barcelona, Spain, with about 2,300 companies from around the world participating. At this conference, 5G technology became the focus.
At this conference, Huawei released its first 5G commercial chip, taking the lead in breaking through the commercial bottleneck of 5G terminal chips, while ZTE launched a new generation of 5G base station products.
Many related companies have revealed that 5G mobile phones and other related terminals will be available in 2019.
In addition, field tests will be carried out in five cities. In 2018, more than 100 5G base stations will be built in these five cities to conduct 5G scale experiments.
So far, the three major operators China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom have announced their own 5G pilot cities, totaling 13 cities.
On the evening of February 26, we learned from China Mobile that it will conduct field tests in five cities: Hangzhou, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Suzhou, and Wuhan. In 2018, more than 100 5G base stations will be built in these five cities.
I learned from China Unicom that China Unicom plans to conduct 5G trials in seven cities: Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou, Nanjing, and Xiongan, and has submitted an application to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
In the future, the number of test cities will be increased in accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Development and Reform Commission.
China Telecom also stated that China Telecom has launched 5G pilot projects in six cities including Chengdu, Xiongan, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Suzhou and Lanzhou.
Combining the pilot cities of the three major operators, there are a total of 13 cities. Among them, Shanghai has become the only city where all three operators are piloting.
Huang Yuhong, deputy director of the China Mobile Research Institute, said that in terms of scale testing, China Mobile chose to launch in five cities with developed economies (often ranked among the top ten in the country in terms of GDP), convenient transportation, and high population density.
It needs to involve 26 application scenarios, covering urban areas, dense urban areas, suburbs, lakes, urban villages and other scenarios, and build an Internet of Vehicles area of 20 square kilometers.
We learned from China Mobile that in addition to the five pilot cities, 5G business and application demonstrations will also be carried out in 12 cities including Beijing, Chengdu, and Shenzhen, mainly covering 4K high-definition, augmented reality, virtual reality, drones, etc.
According to a notice from the National Development and Reform Commission, relevant companies are applying for 5G communication demonstration projects to carry out 5G network construction in no less than 5 cities in frequency bands below 6GHz. Each city will have at least 50 5G base stations, forming continuous coverage of dense urban areas and 5G throughout the network. The number of terminals should be no less than 500; providing users with 5G broadband data services of no less than 100Mbps and millisecond-level latency.
How fast is 5G network speed?
Huawei said it has deployed 5G large-scale contiguous sites in more than 10 countries including China, South Korea, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Italy. The measured peak rate of the 5G network in the 5G experimental network has reached 20.25Gbps and the latency is as low as 0.33 ms.
At MWC2018, ZTE demonstrated a prototype that supports 5G, supporting download speeds up to 1.2Gbps, and 2G movies can be downloaded in the blink of an eye.