The mystery of the construction of the Egyptian pyramids has long been debated by archaeologists.
It has long been understood that the ancient Egyptians excavated the rock used to build the pyramids from Tula, eight miles away, while the granite was quarried from Aswan, 533 miles away. But this time archaeologists have discovered evidence of how the ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid of Giza in 2600 BC, including ancient scrolls and a system of ships and channels that transported 170,000 tons of limestone.
So how were these stones transported to Giza? This question is hotly debated among archaeologists. So can those ancient scrolls discovered in archeology and the ships and channel system that transported 170,000 tons of limestone solve this mystery?
What is Giza? Giza is part of modern Cairo, where the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu was built in 2600 BC.
New evidence shows that thousands of laborers transported 170,000 tons of limestone along the Nile using wooden boats, planks and ropes. The 2.5-ton stones were transported via a specially designed water transport system to an inland port not far from the base of the pyramid. Ancient hand scrolls, ceremonial boats and water transport networks discovered in archeology can further unravel this mystery.
The ancient scrolls, the only original record of the pyramid’s construction recorded by an overseer named Mele, detail how the limestone was transported from Tula to Giza via Bronze Age shipping lanes.
Archaeologist Mark Rayner discovered a channel under the pyramid.
“We mapped out the main canal basin in the unloading area at the foot of the Giza Plateau,” said archaeologist Mark Rayner.