It was learned from the Chinese Academy of Sciences that the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology, together with domestic and foreign research teams, used modern isotope dating methods to show that forests appeared in China 371 million years ago. This is the earliest ancient forest discovered in China so far. This time is more than 10 million years earlier than the era when ancient forests appeared on a large scale. This ancient forest is located in the Tacheng area of Xinjiang, China. It once mainly grew lycopods, ancient ferns and branch ferns.
At present, only lycophytes still exist, but their shapes have also undergone significant changes compared to their ancestors in ancient times.
Public information shows that Tacheng area is located in the northwest of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, between 82°16′-87°21′ east longitude and 43°25′-47°15′ north latitude. It is adjacent to the Altay region in the northeast, to the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture and Shihezi City by the Manas River to the east, and to the Bayingolin Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture and the Ili region by the Yilianhabirga Mountain and the Brokonu Mountain to the south. It borders Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture to the southwest and Kazakhstan to the northwest. In the heart of the region, there are Xinjiang prefecture-level Karamay City and county-level Kuitun City directly under the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture. The urban area is 580 kilometers away from Urumqi, the capital of the autonomous region, and 17 kilometers away from Baktu Port. The entire region covers an area of 105,400 square kilometers.