Many scientists believe that the discovery of a second Earth is only a matter of time. The so-called “Second Earth” refers to a theoretically existing planet that is very close to the Earth we live on. Now, Dr. Frank Marchis, an astronomer at the SETI Institute, has given a timetable for the discovery of Earth 2.0. He believes we will discover an Earth-like planet by 2024.
Machis’ prediction builds on recent technological advances that allow scientists to capture images of planets and the stars they orbit 6.3 billion light-years away. Last week, the Gemini Planetary Imager took a picture of a 1,000-year-old planet called Beta Pictoris b, which is 370 trillion miles (about 595 trillion kilometers) from Earth. The Gemini Planetary Imager project has a history of nearly 10 years, but this is the first time that the photos taken have been released. “We’re going to discover Earth 2.0 in the near future, and we may have a candidate Earth 2.0 within 10 or 15 years,” Marchis said in an interview with Mother Jones magazine’s Brent Brovinel.
Scientists point out that the Gemini Planet Imager installed on the Gemini South telescope is the most advanced planet-searching equipment in the world. The Gemini South Telescope has an aperture of 8 meters and is located in Chile. It is one of the largest telescopes in the world. Bruce McIntosh of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the United States, head of the Gemini Planetary Imager manufacturing team, said: “The quality of planetary photos taken by the Gemini Planetary Imager is 10 times higher than that of the previous generation of imaging equipment.”
“This is the Holy Grail of modern astronomy,” Marchis told Mother Jones magazine. “We’re trying to image these planets because we know they exist. We’re using the Kepler telescope (which suffered a serious malfunction and has Not working properly) When observing a planet, what you’re basically doing is observing the midheaven phenomenon, which is the dimming in the brightness of the parent star it orbits when the planet passes between the Earth and the star it orbits. With the help of With the Gemini Planet Imager mounted on the 8-meter telescope in Chile, you can observe the planet itself.”