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Of the 1,246 islands on the Croatian coast, the unique island of Bavljenac is probably the most easily identifiable, It’s called “Fingerprint Island“. Because the miles of dry stone walls look like the whorls of human fingerprints. This small, uninhabited landmass on the Adriatic Sea was once an agricultural center.

Famous fingerprint island in Croatia: Bavljenac

The 19th century was the heyday of Croatian wine production, and farmers from the nearest populated island built the winding walls of Bafjernak to protect the olive trees and vines from the winds blowing from the Adriatic Sea.

The oval-shaped island of Bavarjenak is covered by a 23-kilometer-long dry stone wall. You might think this was an ancient maze, if it weren’t for the fact that the walls are only waist high, designed simply to make farming easier in an inhospitable place. The rocky terrain and strong winds weren’t exactly suitable for growing plants, so the inhabitants of the nearby island of Caprije built these stone walls to separate their crops and give them some protection. This is a method used elsewhere in Europe, such as England or Ireland.

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